Geneva Interim Agreement Analysis: Two Weeks to Interim Agreement Deadline


November 11, 2014
Contact: Gabriel Pedreira,
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Geneva Interim Agreement Analysis: Two Weeks to Interim Agreement Deadline

Iran's Nuclear Progress and Stonewalling Continue

Significant Sanctions Relief and Renewed Economic Growth under JPA


New York, NY - Today, United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) released its updated analysis of the Joint Plan of Action (JPA) interim agreement. With only two weeks remaining before the November 24 deadline of the extended JPA, the Iranian regime continues to steadily develop its nuclear program while stonewalling nuclear inspectors seeking answers on its alleged nuclear weapons work.


The latest report from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) underscores Iran's failure to address the possible military dimensions of its nuclear program. Iran has also appeared to violate the terms of the JPA itself by introducing uranium feedstock into an advanced IR-5 centrifuge for the first time. In addition, former deputy chief of the IAEA and UANI Advisory Board Member Olli Heinonen disclosed that Iran may have thousands of more advanced centrifuges than it has declared, which could reduce Iran's breakout time to build a nuclear weapon to only a matter of weeks, if not days.


At the same time, Iran is enjoying significant sanctions relief and economic growth disproportionate to the limited concessions it made under the terms of the JPA. Such relief far exceeds the assurances by Obama administration officials that the sanctions relief package "simply will not move the needle on the Iranian economy." Compounding this, the human rights situation in Iran has deteriorated in a number of critical ways as President Hassan Rouhani approaches the ignoble milestone of 1,000 executions during his tenure.


UANI remains concerned that U.S. leverage has dissipated over the course of the JPA, which may prevent a "good deal" from being clinched with Iran that significantly rolls back its illicit nuclear program.


Iran's Continued Nuclear Progress and Stonewalling of Nuclear Inspectors

Improving Economic Indicators


↑ 1.5%

Predicted growth in Iran's GDP for 2014/2015, following an estimated contraction of 1.7% in 2013/2014 and 5.8% in 2012/2013.

↑ 4.6%

Increase in Iran's GDP in the first quarter of the Iranian calendar year, compared to the same period last year. This is the first time the Iranian economy has experienced positive growth in more than two years.

↑ 40%

Increase in Iran's oil exports from 1 million barrels per day (bpd) before the interim agreement to 1.4 million bpd. This has provided Iran a windfall of some $10 billion in extra revenue.

↑ 20%

Increase in the value of Iran's exports (excluding crude oil, but including condensates and petrochemicals) in the first half of the Iranian calendar year compared to the same period of the previous year.

↓ 24%

Reduction in inflation, "from about 45 percent in July 2013" to 21.1 percent by the end of September.

↑ 12%

Increase in the value of the Iranian rial since Rouhani's election.

↑ 68%

Increase in the value of the Tehran Stock Exchange index since Rouhani's election.

↑ 74%

Increase in auto production in the first half of the Iranian calendar year compared to the same period of the previous year.


Human Rights Under Rouhani


Since Rouhani took office, the human rights situation has not improved as some had hoped, but has actually worsened in a number of critical ways as outlined in a new report by the Special Rapporteur on the status of human rights in Iran. For example, the pace of executions has increased to more than two a day in what can only be described as an "execution binge." In fact, Iran carries out the most executions per capita in the world.  


Executions Under Rouhani








Click here to view UANI's Geneva Interim Agreement Tracker.
Click here  to view UANI's Rouhani Accountability Tracker.

Click here to view UANI's resource on "Rouhani's Record in Office."