Stop the Hop II: The Ghost Armada Grows

Updated: August 1, 2022

Stop the Hop

In November 2020, UANI identified 70 foreign vessels suspected of involvement in the illicit transfer of Iranian crude oil and/or petroleum products. Just over one year later, the list has grown to 228. This suspected rogue armada, distinct from but complementing Iran’s own NITC tanker fleet, has skirted U.S. sanctions and exploited regulatory loopholes to ship millions of barrels of Iranian oil.

One of the most frequently deployed tactics in evading oil sanctions is “flag hopping.” This involves the repeated switching of a ship’s “flag” – which permits legitimate global travel and docking rights – to different national registries. Often accompanied by the formation of new shell and front companies, ownership and name changes, and even alterations to ships’ physical markings, flag-hopping is a blight on legitimate maritime commerce.

Certain vessel owners are intentionally exploiting flag registries, many of which do not have the capabilities to track the history of vessels or even perform what ought to be rudimentary compliance scans.  In fact, some registries are increasingly reliant on UANI for assistance in identifying the suspicious and often illicit behavior of vessels absent their own tracking capabilities and resources.

For example, in a Guardian report from March 23, 2021, the Cook Islands flag registry acknowledged to the journalist, “we just do what they [UANI] tell us.”

In conveying our findings to the world’s flag registries, a majority have taken appropriate measures and de-flagged these vessels. Others are less responsive, taking months to ‘investigate’ while allowing the vessels to engage in further illicit activity under their flag’s registration.

The Panama Maritime Authority (AMP)

Of the 228 vessels listed below, 35% are currently flagged by the Panama Maritime Authority (AMP), the world’s biggest and most famous flag registry.

STH July

UANI first contacted AMP in August 2020.  As detailed in 10 letters sent over a period of 8 months, AMP has so far de-flagged a total of just 10 from over 80 vessels of concern.

AMP currently leads as the top flag state for 2020, with over 9,596 ships registered as of October 2020. Given this fact, it might be anticipated that AMP would be a leader in de-flagging vessels that breach sanctions or tamper with vessel-tracking systems. Indeed, AMP director-general Rafael Cigarruista has asserted that AMP is proactive on these issues. 

However, UANI has serious doubts regarding the seriousness of Panama’s flag authority on these issues.

By way of illustration, we first alerted AMP to a suspected ship-to-ship (“STS”) transfer of Iranian oil with the Panama-flagged vessel BRIGHT SONIA in October 2020. BRIGHT SONIA remains flagged by Panama today:

Bright Sonia

Ship Details: BRIGHT SONIA, flagged by Panama (Source: Marine Traffic)

In the following six months, from October 2020 to April 2021, the Bright Sonia is suspected to have engaged in two more STS transfers, transporting an estimated total of 2,322,203 barrels of Iranian crude oil. Taking into account the substantial discount Iran offers for crude sales, we estimate this single vessel has filled regime coffers to the tune of $91,000,000.  A big chunk of these proceeds will end up being disbursed for regime terrorist funding, Iranian proxy wars, and Iran’s malign intelligence activities.  In neglecting to de-flag BRIGHT SONIA, AMP has seriously abrogated its responsibility.

Responsible Flaggers

On the other hand, there are many responsible authorities such as the St. Kitts and Nevis International Ship Registry (SkanReg), which have de-flagged all eight vessels identified by UANI. Other notable registries with a good track record include the Tanzania-Zanzibar International Register of Shipping, the Maritime Administration of Gabonese Republic, and the Tuvalu Ship Registry.

The Ghost Armada: The List

UANI has compiled a list of vessels suspected to have been involved in the transfer of Iranian crude oil and/or petroleum products, so that the entire community of flag registries may act in concert to “stop the hop.”

In its reply to UANI the Tuvalu Ship Registry suggested: “it is our opinion that vessel registries should make public the information they have relating to vessels and owners that seek to support the Iranian / Syrian regime just as how TSR has done. This will save time and cut out the bureaucracy of signing agreements and surely result in a more effective way of stamping out “flag-hopping”.

UANI agrees and we intend to update this list monthly. We encourage all flag states to routinely check this list to confirm whether vessels suspected of involvement in the illicit transfer of Iranian oil are seeking to register under their flags.

 

 

VESSEL NAME

Current Flag

FORMER FLAG 1*

FORMER FLAG 2*

FORMER FLAG 3*

  1.  

9405617

AARVI (EX: REEM 7)

GABON

 

 

 

  1.  

9622069

ABLE SAILOR

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9157765

ABYSS

VIETNAM

     
  1.  

9194969

ADDRESS GAS

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9273052

AFRA CROWN (EX LAFIZA, GULF VOYAGER, DELOS VOYAGER)

LIBERA

GABON

PANAMA

 

  1.  

9248813

AKSTA

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9172583

ALANA (ex FALCON PRIDE)

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA

LIBERIA

   
  1.  

9111644

ALBA SUN (ex EAGLE BEAUMONT)

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9244635

AMAK (ex BERWICK)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9308778

AMELIA

MALAYSIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9200964

ANASTASIA I

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9354521

ANHONA (EX ARAMIS)

BELIZE

LIBERIA

   
  1.  

9281683

ANTHEA (ex CYBELE)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9004815

APSARA (EX: REEM 3)

GABON

 

 

 

  1.  

9268112

ARC 1

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9189952

ARIANA (EX: ARINA)

PALAU

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9127033

ARROW

PANAMA

TUVALU

   
  1.  

9248473

ARZOYI (ex ADS SERENADE)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9288382

ASPHALT HONOR

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9162928

ASTRA (EX: HURON)

GABON

CAMEROON

 

 

  1.  

9271406

ASTRID I (EX: ORNELLA)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9133070

AUDREY (ex MOXON)

MARSHALL ISLANDS

     
  1.  

9123192

AVENTINE

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9280873

AVENTUS I

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9246279

AVITAL (EX: LAVAL (ex GIESSEL)

SAMOA (FALSE)

ST KITTS & NEVIS

TANZANIA

 

  1.  

9216559

BERENICE PRIDE (ex S TRADER, ANN, LAUREN)

PANAMA

LIBERIA

 

 

  1.  

9262168

BERG 1 (ex FOLEGANDROS I)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9248497

BOREAS

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9166417

BRADLEY (EX: SEAGER)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9232876

BRAVA LAKE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9582726

BRAVELY LOYALTY

SINGAPORE

     
  1.  

9131096

BRIGHT HONOR

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9213296

BRIGHT SONIA

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9294795

BS BRAVO

GABON

 

 

 

  1.  

9002491

CAPE GAS

COMOROS

     
  1.  

9008108

CAPTAIN NIKOLAS

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9240512

CARINA V

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9229439

CERES I (ex PACIFIC ALFA)

SAO TOME & PRINCIPE (FALSE)

     
  1.  

9265744

CHAO XING (EX: SEA VIXEN, VIOLETA)

TOGO

TANZANIA

ST KITTS & NEVIS

 

  1.  

9257802

CHOLA QUEEN

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9282792

CLYDE NOBLE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9165542

COLOSSUS (EX: XENIA S (ex ADRATIS/BALDER)

COOK ISLANDS

TANZANIA

GABON

 

  1.  

9263215

COSGREAT LAKE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9247986

CRESTED (EX: AMENITY,  JACOB)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9313149

CRISTINA

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9153513

CS BRILLIANCE

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9133850

CS DEVELOPMENT

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9169691

CS PROSPERITY

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9255933

DAISY 2 (ex TANIA)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9193721

DANUTA I (ex SAPPHIRE I)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9203277

DAZZLE (ex VERA)

SAMOA (FALSE)

COMOROS

   
  1.  

9341512

DELPHI (EX: DELPHINE VALENTINA)

GABON

PALAU

SIERRA LEONE

 
  1.  

9255945

DIAMOND (EX: YOLANDA (ex LAVINIA)

TANZANIA

GUYANA

PANAMA

ST KITTS & NEVIS

  1.  

9005065

DIANA (ex APHRODITE)

PANAMA

THAILAND

   
  1.  

9018464

DOLPHIN

?

 

 

 

  1.  

9052331

DOLPHIN (ex CLARA)

SAO TOME & PRINCIPE (FALSE)

     
  1.  

9194139

DOMINAR (ex SEINE)

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA

PALAU

   
  1.  

9262584

DONGLAI

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9240885

EAST 1 (ex: CAIDA STAR)

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9149251

EASTERN ONE

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9247431

EASTERN PRIDE

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9134294

ECHO STAR

BELIZE

     
  1.  

9277747

ELISE

?

CAMEROON

 

 

  1.  

9418078

ELIZA II

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9256468

ELSA

BELIZE

 

 

 

  1.  

9196644

ELVA (ex EKATERINA)

SAMOA (FALSE)

GUYANA

ST KITTS & NEVIS

 
  1.  

9212864

EM LONGEVITY

SINGAPORE

 

 

 

  1.  

9102265

EM VITALITY

?

COOK ISLANDS

 

 

  1.  

9231224

EMERALD (ex EBN BATUTA)

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9258870

EMILIA (EX: CAROLINA)

PANAMA

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

  1.  

9260809

ETC RAMSIS

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9293741

ETHAN (ex LUBOV)

?

COOK ISLANDS

   
  1.  

9012886

FABINO GAS

PALAU

MARSHALL ISLANDS

   
  1.  

9203928

FOREVER RICH

HONG KONG

     
  1.  

9189110

FORNAX (ex OCEAN SCHOONER)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9113379

FORTUNA (ex ATHENA)

PANAMA

THAILAND

   
  1.  

9159660

FREESIA I (ex LA ROSA I)

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9180164

FREYA (ex RIDGEBURY PURPOSE)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9166675

FT ISLAND

HONDURAS

 

 

 

  1.  

9235725

FUGA BLUEMARINE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9118393

G STAR (ex ENERGY STAR)

ST KITTS & NEVIS

THAILAND

 

 

  1.  

9192260

GALA (ex WINSOME, UMM HABAYEB, BLUE PEARL, JUBILANT)

ST KITTS & NEVIS

GUYANA

GABON

PANAMA

  1.  

9641091

GAMKONORA

INDONESIA

     
  1.  

8519966

GANESHA (ex ARTEMIS)

THAILAND

     
  1.  

8818843

GAS AKITA

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9040118

GAS ARMA

DJIBOUTI

 

 

 

  1.  

9172636

GAS COMMERCE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

8818219

GAS GEMINI

CAMEROON

SIERRA LEONE

SAO TOME & PRINCIPE (FALSE)

 
  1.  

9114581

GAS LEADER

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

8912558

GAS ORCHID

DJIBOUTI

 

 

 

  1.  

9115303

GAS VISION (EX: GAS PULA)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9135547

GENIUS MASTER

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9247077

GLORY

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9290775

GLORY FOREVER

DJIBOUTI

 

 

 

  1.  

9143506

GLORY HARVEST

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9363833

GOBY

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9689031

GOLDEN LOTUS

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9326720

GRACY

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9177583

GREAT SAIL (EX: EVER SPIRIT)

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9246449

GREEN LAND

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9232022

GREENER VI (EX: PRO TRADER)

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9398278

GUNUNG GEULIS/PERTAMINA 8004

INDONESIA

     
  1.  

9014420

HAMBURG DW (EX: GAS LINE)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9162916

HANA

TANZANIA

SAMOA (FALSE)

GUYANA

GABON

  1.  

9244623

HARMONY STAR

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9081837

HAZEL (ex CLARA)

?

COMOROS

 

 

  1.  

9259185

HEBE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9233753

HECATE

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9133587

HELIOS (EX ADISA, SIRO 1)

COOK ISLANDS

CAMEROON

 

 

  1.  

9304356

HERA

VANUATU

 

 

 

  1.  

9183300

HESTIA

PANAMA

VANUATU

 

 

  1.  

9197844

HORNET

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9256858

INDA (EX: LINDA (EX LADY M, LADY D)

RUSSIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9201592

INGRID (ex SUPER LADY)

?

PANAMA

SIERRA LEONE

 
  1.  

9227443

INNOVA

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9144067

ION (ex GORI/SANREMO/STRENGTH 1)

CAMEROON

     
  1.  

9183271

IONA (EX: CALYPSO)

CAMEROON

 

 

 

  1.  

9337133

IVY

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9198094

JOLIE (EX: BLUE STAR)

CAMEROON

RUSSIA

 

 

  1.  

9224295

JUDY II (ex TIAN YING ZUO)

SAO TOME & PRINCIPE (FALSE)

     
  1.  

9188788

KANHA PRIDE

CAMEROON

 

 

 

  1.  

9213301

KARMA (ex PROUD NADIA)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

8818207

L PRIMO GAS

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9203253

LAKA (ex ASTA)

?

MICRONESIA

COOK ISLANDS

SAMOA (FALSE)

  1.  

9258882

LEGEND

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9198771

LEONID

PANAMA

PALAU

   
  1.  

9284594

LEOPARD

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9199828

LEVIATHAN (EX: ELISA SEA, ARK RESCUE)

CAMEROON

GABON

TANZANIA

 

  1.  

9162502

M JADE (EX: FULL AMBITION)

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9220938

MARBEL (EX: MINERVA)

COOK ISLANDS

PALAU

 

 

  1.  

9224271

MARIA GRACE

MARSHALL ISLANDS

     
  1.  

9254915

MARTINA (ex NADEZHDA)

PANAMA

MALAYSIA

   
  1.  

9014432

MARUBA SIMMONS (EX: FALCON)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9105102

MEADOWS (ex OCEAN RICH, ex CHANG HAI)

PALAU

COOK ISLANDS

 

 

  1.  

9189146

MEMPHIS (EX: METIS)

PANAMA

CYPRUS

 

 

  1.  

9281891

MEROPE

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

8806321

MIB-1

?

ST KITTS & NEVIS

 

 

  1.  

9257993

MISTRAL 1

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9209300

MOLECULE (EX SALVADOR, GLORY)

CAMEROON

KIRIBATI

PALAU

 

  1.  

9827944

NANYANG

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9150767

MR NAUTILUS

CAMEROON

     
  1.  

9230880

NEOFIT (EX: YANNIS,  XIAO ZHU SHAN)

PALAU

LIBERIA

 

 

  1.  

9264881

NEREIDES

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9235244

NEW GLOBAL

PANAMA

MARSHALL ISLANDS

   
  1.  

9014456

NEXO

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9046784

NIBA (EX: GAS ROMA (ex GAS ORPHEUS)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9307736

NV AQUAMARINE

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9158161

OCEAN DREAM

PALAU

 

 

 

  1.  

9002908

OPEC ENERGY

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9174660

ORABELLA

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9179701

OSLO

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9223540

OWENS (EX: OPEC NEPTUNE)

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9301524

PALMER

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9284582

PANDA

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9331244

PAPA

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9436006

PARAMOUNT

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9257503

PARINE (EX: SEA BREEZE, JAG LARA / FREE SEA)

BARBADOS

DJIBOUTI

GABON

 

  1.  

9246798

PEACE ENVOY

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9144782

PELICAN

CAMEROON

 

 

 

  1.  

9102239

PENNY H (ex WU XIAN)

?

TANZANIA (FALSE)

   
  1.  

9241114

PENTA I

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9102277

PERON

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9181194

PHOENIX (ex LERAX/MARINA M)

?

TANZANIA

ST KITTS & NEVIS

 
  1.  

9236248

PHOENIX I

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9232620

PIONEER SAM

PALAU

 

 

 

  1.  

9282481

PIPER

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9235464

PK MARIT

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9176761

POLAN (ex ATLANTA, PELAGOS)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9153525

PRIDE (ex OMAN PRIDE)

ST KITTS & NEVIS

LIBERIA

 

 

  1.  

9316701

PROGRESS V

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9288277

PVT DOLPHIN

VIETNAM

     
  1.  

8614467

QUEEN 1

?

GUYANA

PANAMA

 

  1.  

9233208

RAIN DROP

COOK ISLANDS

PANAMA

 

 

  1.  

9383340

RAJTILAK

COOK ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9250907

RANI (ex EAGLE TRENTON)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9237228

RHEA

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9229362

ROAD (EX: SAINT NICHOLAI)

BARBADOS

DJIBOUTI

 

 

  1.  

9182291

ROMA (ex KARO, NEW KARPATHOS)

CAMEROON

COMOROS

PANAMA

 

  1.  

9242120

ROSSONERI (ex SHAWNA)

TOGO

ST KITTS & NEVIS

   
  1.  

9206035

ROWAN (EX: LATIN VENTURE, PACIFIC BRAVO)

COMOROS

SAO TOME & PRINCIPE (FALSE)

DJIBOUTI

 

  1.  

9197909

ROZA

CAMEROON

 

 

 

  1.  

9230878

SA CAPRICORN

SINGAPORE

 

 

 

  1.  

9233272

SA HORIZON

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9070149

SAAVI (ex MAHARAJA)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9140451

SAVER 1 (EX: TRENCY TAIPEI)

GABON

 

 

 

  1.  

9108104

SAVER 3 (EX: SPRING 3)

GABON

 

 

 

  1.  

9264893

SCORPIUS

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9208057

SEA GLAMOUR (ex SEA ELEGANCE)

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9000883

SEA OPERA (EX: SEA LUNA, GAS JENNY)

CAMEROON

GUYANA

PANAMA

 
  1.  

9260366

SEAGULL (ex PAULA, CROWN)

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

9270517

SEAGULL (EX: DREAM VISION) 

PANAMA

LIBERIA

 

 

  1.  

9041057

SERENITY

?

TANZANIA

 

 

  1.  

9242118

SHANAYE QUEEN

MALAYSIA

PANAMA

   
  1.  

8617055

SIMBA (ex ORE)

SAMOA (FALSE)

TANZANIA

   
  1.  

9233234

SIMBA (ex PEARL I)

GABON

PALAU

 

 

  1.  

9005053

SONA (EX: SEA GLORIA)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9263643

SONA STAR (EX: LIDINIA)

COOK ISLANDS

PALAU

 

 

  1.  

9253064

SOTHYS

VIETNAM

 

 

 

  1.  

8902993

STANDORF

?

PANAMA

   
  1.  

9524475

SUEZ RAJAN

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

 

 

  1.  

9204805

SUMMER 5

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9235476

SUMMER 7

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9088536

SUN 10 (ex EVERRICH 10)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9529645

SUN 9

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9277761

SUPER EVER

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9422988

SUPER SAPPHIRE (EX: OKEANOS, MARE, AL KHALIDIA, VICTORY 1)

BAHAMAS

CAMEROON

GABON

LIBERIA

  1.  

9246138

TELSA (EX: TELLUS (ex ELLA IX / MARS V)

ST KITTS & NEVIS

CAMEROON

COMOROS

GABON

  1.  

9273337

TIFANI (ex: ANAHI, AMFITRITI)

?

ST KITTS & NEVIS

TANZANIA

 

  1.  

9218181

TOMIE (ex CAILI STAR)

PALAU

LIBERIA

   
  1.  

8912546

TOWER RISE

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9041655

TRIS GAS (ex BEATRIS GAS)

CAMEROON

ST KITTS & NEVIS

   
  1.  

9248485

URANUS  (ex AXTEC, HERMES, CALLIOP)

?

TANZANIA

GUYANA

CAMEROON

  1.  

9224805

UZOR

CAMEROON

 

 

 

  1.  

9134165

VAYU SHAKTI

GABON

 

 

 

  1.  

9231901

VENICE (ex INTISAR)

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9007386

VENUS 7

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9187435

VERGIOS

BELIZE

     
  1.  

9262156

VIGOR (ex SANTA MARINA)

PANAMA

MALTA

 

 

  1.  

9236250

VIRGO

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9203265

VORAS (EX: ERMIS, TIANA)

GUYANA

COOK ISLANDS

TANZANIA

 

  1.  

9637650

WEALTHY LOYAL (ex GAO CHENG 3)

MARSHALL ISLANDS

HONG KONG

   
  1.  

7230666

WHITE PURL

PANAMA

     
  1.  

9278519

WIN SINO

HONG KONG

 

 

 

  1.  

9301005

WORLD PERFORMANCE

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9259599

YING HAI

LIBERIA

 

 

 

  1.  

9379703

YONG DING

PANAMA

 

 

 

  1.  

9203930

YING XIN (ex YONG XIN)

HONG KONG

     
  1.  

9231511

YONG TAI

PANAMA

 

 

 

* Change of flag due to UANI intervention

Vessel has been broken up

The vessels INDA (EX: LINDA), GLORY HARVEST and SUMMER 5 have been italicized to indicate the vessels have been sanctioned since inclusion on UANI’s public list of vessels suspected of involvement in the illicit transfer of Iranian oil.