Iran's Malign Behavior Tracker

Iran’s Escalating Intransigence Since the JCPOA

Since the signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 powers on July 14, 2015, also known as the Iran Deal, UANI has been monitoring the day-to-day actions of the Iranian regime to determine if Tehran is abiding by its commitments and moderating its aggressive and threatening behavior.

A key benefit of the Iran Deal, proponents of the agreement argued, would be that it would contribute to the moderation of the Iranian regime. By tracking developments in Iran’s nuclear program, human rights situation, destabilizing regional activities, sponsorship of terrorism, and relations with the U.S., UANI’s Moderation Mythbuster clearly shows that the Iranian regime failed to moderate despite the sanctions relief and prospect of further economic engagement with the West that resulted from the JCPOA. In fact, Iran adopted a more hardline approach both in its domestic and foreign policy, even during the presidency of Hassan Rouhani, who was touted in the West as a supposed moderate. Iran’s aggression has only grown since hardliner Ebrahim Raisi assumed the presidency in September 2021.

The regime has pursued the path of increased intransigence in order to compel the U.S. to relent and rejoin the JCPOA, a deal that does not permanently prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapons capability. As comprehensively cataloged in this resource, Iran's failure to moderate highlights why the U.S. should refrain from providing up-front sanctions relief until the regime changes course.

To see daily Iran-related developments prior to the JCPOA, view UANI’s Rouhani Accountability Tracker.