Military and Security Ties

Iran supports the Maduro regime’s domestic and national security interests. Domestically, the vice president of Venezuela commands a militia trained and equipped by top Iranian military officials. More recently, Quds Force and Hezbollah operatives have taken over training courses, which tend to have a heavy ideological element, for Maduro’s internal security apparatus. The resumption of a flight linking Tehran and Caracas expands logistics capabilities. These flights were previously used to channel personnel, arms, and explosives into Venezuela. Additional risks have emerged, including Iran's ability to ship drone technology and other advanced weaponry via these flights. Additionally, there is a precedent for intelligence and nuclear cooperation.