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UANI's "Germany Campaign" highlights the extensive Iran business activities of German businesses, firms and entities. German businesses are bolstering the Iranian economy and expanding Iranian industrial capacity at a time when the international community is working to economically isolate the Iranian regime.
The actions of German businesses and trade associations are directly at odds with the German government's own robust arguments in support of sanctions to prevent a nuclear-armed Iran. Germany has consistently been the number one trade partner of Iran in the EU. In 2011, bilateral trade between Iran and Germany totaled nearly 4 billion euros, with the majority coming from 3 billion euros in German exports. In 2007, more than 1,700 German companies were reportedly active in Iran.
Unfortunately, the German government is also allowing the operations of the German-Iranian Chamber of Trade and Commerce to continue with impunity. The Chamber was established in 1975 "to establish new trade links between the two countries or expand existing cooperation." The Chamber's annual catalogue lists major German industrial firms such as Bosch, Herrenknecht, and Aker Wirth, many of which maintain their own branches or agencies in Tehran. In 2010, with support from the German Embassy in Tehran, the Chamber brought 7,000 representatives of Iranian firms to Germany to "learn about the latest technologies, innovations and achievements," and "meet the largest possible number of potential business partners. It is unacceptable that German government entities would actively facilitate the establishment of German-Iran economic ties and increased economic activity at a time when the international community is working to increase the economic isolation of the Iranian regime in response to its pursuit of a nuclear weapon, support for terrorism and human rights violations.
German exports are indispensable to the proper functioning of Iran's industrial sector, including for machinery, manufacturing, engineering, tunneling as well as oil and gas projects. According to reports, "two thirds of Iranian industrial firms and three quarters of the country's small and medium enterprises use machinery and equipment of German origin." Iran is also "totally dependent on German spare parts and suppliers." In September 2007 according to Germany's Federal Agency for External Trade, German firms were the market leaders in seven out of nine mechanical engineering sectors in Iran. German companies are also regular participants in exhibitions organized under the auspices of the regime, including the annual Iran Oil Show. For example, a number of German firms attended the 2012 Iran Oil Show, where they offered products and services to regime entities including subsidiaries of the Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran (IDRO), a regime-controlled entity dedicated to advancing the development of Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
The negative impact resulting from the flow of German goods and services to Iran includes weakening the efficacy of the multinational sanctions regime and the safety and security of the Iranian people. The Iranian regime has utilized German technology from Nokia-Siemens Networks to crackdown on Internet, Twitter and mobile communications among democratic protesters in the aftermath of the fraudulent 2009 presidential elections.
German firms active in Iran are endangering themselves through the financial and reputational risks of doing business in Iran. Notwithstanding the financial and reputational risks of German-Iranian trade, such trade will continue unless more pressure is applied on German corporations and firms by both the German government and private citizens.
Top 20 Offenders: German Companies Engaged in Iran
|Company Name||Sector||Nature of Business|
Specializes in tunneling, engineering and construction and mining products. Operates in Iran through WPS Group.
Chemicals conglomerate that has done business in Iran since 1959, and continues to do business with both Iran and the U.S. Military. BASF received $12.7 million in federal contracts and grants from the U.S. government from 2000-2010. Maintains a subsidiary in Tehran, BASF Iran AG, and lists a joint Iranian venture, Iranian BASF Construction Chemicals Private Joint.
Chemical and pharmaceuticals giant that has done business in Iran since the 1960s. The company received $610 million in U.S. government contracts and grants from 2000-2010. Works in Iran through its subsidiary Bayer Parsian AG.
Sells vehicles in Iran through Persia Khodro.
Manufacturing conglomerate. Abzarsara Co. sells Bosch power tools and accessories throughout Iran.
Manufactures products and systems associated with the control and motion of industrial and mobile equipment. Works in Iran through its partner, Narvan Arra.
|Deutsche Post DHL||Logistics||
Deutsche Post DHL is the largest logistics and mailing company in the world, and operates the brand name DHL mailing service. Deutsche Post DHL maintains a logistics office in Iran through the Rahavard International Transport Co. in Tehran.
Engine manufacturer has a branch office in Tehran.
Provides certification, inspection, and assessment for a wide variety of management systems and processes. DQS lists 433 customers for the Islamic Republic of Iran, including many companies active in Iran’s sanctioned petrochemical industry, and Amin Industrial Complex, a company singled out by the UN as a government controlled entity involved in Iran’s nuclear of Ballistic Missile Activities.
Formerly Degussa. Chemicals producer that has been operating in Iran since at least 2007. Since 2000, the company has received nearly $1 million in U.S. government contracts. Evonik’s Iranian partners include Iran Alkoxides and Fahd Taie.
Manufacturer of tunnel-boring machines. Lists two sales and service offices in Tehran: Herrenknecht Iran and Tajhizat Novin Tunnel PJS. 2010 New York Times report highlighted Iran’s abuse of civilian tunnel-boring machines to shield and obscure its nuclear weapons program and pointed to Herrenknecht as a key supplier to Iran of such equipment.
Germany’s flag carrier, and the largest airline in Europe. Lufthansa offers flights between Tehran’s Imam Khomeini Airport (IKA) and Frankfurt Airport (FRA), and was investigated for its role in transporting monitoring equipment bound for Iran’s Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant. Lufthansa has been the recipient of $36.8 million in U.S. government contracts.
|Siemens||Industry||Industrial and engineering conglomerate. Pledged in January 2010 that it would stop pursuing business in Iran and wind down existing contract. Instead, company’s Iran business surged to nearly $1 billion—more than a 50% increase over a two-year period.|
German Companies Reportedly Active in Iran
|Company Name||Sector||Nature of Business|
|A. Kruss Optronic||Industry|
Air compressor company works in Iran through its partner Hava Abzar.
Specializing in clamping systems, hand tools and locks. Lists multiple Iranian sales distributors on its website.
Electronics and electroplating firm is a subsidiary of French oil and gas company, Total. Felezab Co. names itself as the company’s sole agent in Iran.
|Babcock Borsig Service||Energy||
Energy company works in Iran through its partner Babak-Fanavar.
Manufactures forklift truck attachments, recycling banks, and hazardous materials containers.
Subsidiary of the Norwegian oil and gas company Bayerngas Norge. Signed a deal in 2009 with the National Iranian Oil Company to install filling stations around the country to provide automobiles with compressed natural gas. As a result of international pressure and sanctions on Iran, Bayerngas shelved the deal in March 2010.
|Beckmann & Jorgensen||Industry||
Inspection service provider. Works in Iran through its partner, Bekhrad International Inspection Services (B.I.S).
Manufacturer of large diameter steel pipes for high demanding applications such as energy infrastructure. Berghor has a branch office in Iran.
|BHF-BANK||Financial||Noted for conducting business with Iranian banks.|
Specializes in industrial and agro chemicals, salt, pharmaceutical raw materials and agents. Products are sold in Iran by Bayer Persian AG.
Manufacturer of general laboratory equipment, electrophoresis products, gel imaging systems, hybridization ovens, power packs, thermo-cyclers.
Manufacturer of high pressure, high temperature and special valves for power stations and industrial plants. Works in Iran through Sinarad Kala.
|Bopp & Reuther||Industry|
Manufacturer of material preparation and analysis equipment. In 2008, Buehler was assessed a penalty of $200,000 by the U.S. Department of Commerce for using its German affiliate (Buehler GmbH) to reexport a chemical product mixture called Coolmet from Germany to Iran without a U.S. license. Such reexportation is a violation U.S. Export Administrations Regulations.
|Carl Schenck AG||Industry||
Develops and manufactures advanced components used primarily in turbines. Schenck Worldwide lists a sales office in Iran.
|Carl Zeiss Microimaging||Industry||
Optical technology company does business in Iran through distributor, Marestan.
|Christ Wash Systems||Automotive||
This vehicle wash system manufacturer lists an Iranian office on its website.
This vehicle wFinancial conglomerate that in 2010 was reported to maintain accounts for Bank Sepah, the U.S and U.N-sanctioned bank that assists Tehran’s development of weapons of mass destruction. ash system manufacturer lists an Iranian office on its website.
Testing, inspection and certification services company active in Iran through representative Kavyan Consultancy Co.
Logistics company active in Iran through its representative, Douraghi Co. Ltd.
Industrial air management company that works in IraA research center for the newest measurement techniques for surface and interfacial science and a producer of surface and interfacing measuring instruments. Datapysics lists a distributor in Tehran. n through Pars Nikoo.
A leading transportation and logistics company with numerous subsidiaries One of Deutsche Bahn AG’s subsidiaries, DB Schenker, is a partner company of Meshkin Co Ltd, a shipping company that operates exclusively out of Iran. Meshkin is responsible for a significant portion of Iranian exports shipping. Additionally, DB Schenker itself has an Iranian subsidiary, Delta Bar Int’l Transport and Shipping Services.
Despite having stated to have cut all ties to Iran in 2007, Deutsche Bank was reported in 2010 to maintain bank accounts for Bank Sepah, the U.S and U.N-sanctioned bank that assists Tehran’s development of weapons of mass destruction.
Medical services and safety technologies company. Involved in a scandal for supplying dual-use technology to Iran through its Italian partner Irasco, which is noted for its work with the Iranian Oil Ministry. Has received both U.S government contracts and 18 special licenses from the U.S government to do business in Iran.
|Effekta Regel Technik||Industry||
Power supply manufacturer. Works in Iran through sales representative, Mojbonyan.
Stationary and printing manufacturer. Works in Iran through partner, Cambin.
Industrial heating products company. Participated in the 2012 Iran Oil Show.
Produces electroplating chemicals and additives. Licenses products and technology to Simin Barragh, an Iranian electroplating company.
|Europäisch-Iranische Handelsbank (EIH)||Financial||
German bank focusing on international business with Iran. Has handled billions of dollars of transactions on behalf of sanctioned Iranian banks. Sanctioned by the U.S. in September 2010 for facilitating Iran’s proliferation activities and providing services to sanctioned banks. Sanctioned by the EU in May 2011.
Specializes in roll tracks, wheel rails and gravity roller conveyors. Works in Iran through partner Dozhpad.
|Festo AG & Co.||Industry||
Industrial control and automation company. Festo lists a subsidiary in Tehran.
|Fotochemische Werke||Industry||Manufacturer of film, x-ray processing equipment and auxiliary materials. Over the last three presidential administrations, the U.S. Government has granted Fotochemische Werke 20 special licenses to do business in Iran.|
Manufacturer of measuring and automation technology for bulk solids. Lists Ardkar Sanat as distributor in Tehran.
Manufacturer of bathtubs. Galatea lists an office and showroom in Tehran.
System provider for food and energy processes. In 2004, GEA subsidiary GEA Energietechnik won a €31 million contract to build air-cooled condensation plants for power stations in Iran.
Specializes in the design and construction of mud logging services for application in oil and gas field wells. Works in Iran through Pars GEO-data.
|Gesellschaft fur Labortechnik (GFL)||Industry||
Manufacturer of laboratory equipment that operates through multiple Iranian distributors: Armin Shegarf Co., Rontgen Inc., Armita Teb Novin Co., M.K.S. International., Ferdows Ray Co., Karobe International and Arminteb Novin Company.
Manufacturer of tools and rivets. Company has an export department for Iran.
Company specializes in design and production of valves and control systems for heat and process fluid control. Listed as a mechanical vendor for Iran's National Petrochemical Company.
Manufacturer of gear units, geared motors, electro motors, frequency inverters and other equipment. Operates in Iran through partner Paralog.
Manufacturer of chemical and biochemical indicators works in Iran through its partner, Armin Shegarf.
Manufacturer of rheological testing equipment. Works in Iran through its partner, FaraSar Chimie Co.
One of the world’s leading reinsurance groups. Conducts treaty business (proportional and non proportional) and a small amount of facultative business in Iran, and ‘will continue to do so’ if it complies with United Nations and European Union sanctions.
|Hansa Group AG||Chemicals|
Develops and produces printing presses, platesetters, postpress equipment and software. Works in Iran though branch office, Iran Rotative Co. Ltd.
Helmke is the parent company of Spain-based Helmke Orbis, an engineering firm that participated in the 2012 Iran Oil Show.
Specializes in laundry & home care, cosmetics/toiletries and adhesive technologies. According to Henkel’s website, Iran is one of the company’s “emerging markets.”
Specializes in magnetic stirrers, mixers, overhead stirrers, shakers, homogenizers, mills, rotary evaporators, calorimeters, laboratory reactors and specially developed software for laboratory and analysis applications. Products are imported by Iran’s Karazma Company.
|Irano-German Insurance Services||Logistics||
Insurance company specializing in cargo and related marine insurance. Works as agent for Lloyd’s of London in Iran.
Manufacturer of automated storage and retrieval solutions. Partners with the Iranian storage company Dozhpad.
Manufacturer of textiles. Works in Iran through local agencies, Sultex Limited and Messrs. GuivFar.
|KHD Humboldt Wedag||Construction||
Specializes in cement plant technology, equipment and services. Maintains a branch office in Iran.
Manufacturer of sophisticated machine tools. Kadiran Industrial Tools, a major Iranian oil-gas & petrochemical supplier, lists Knuth as one of its suppliers. Knuth attended the regime-sponsored 10th Tehran Industry International Exhibition (TIIE 2010).
Manufactures instruments to “measure and control flow, level, pressure and temperature” for industry applications. Works in Iran through Kobold Abzar Daghigh Ltd. and prominently advertises its participation in the 2010 Iran Oil Show.
|Koenig & Bauer (KBA)||Industry||
The printing press company is active in Iran. KBA subsidiary, KBA MetalPrint, also works in Iran. In October 2012, UANI applauded KBA for ending its currency printing business in Iran, but its other business in the country appears to continue.
Manufacturer of machinery for processing plastics. Works in Iran through two distributors: Varzidehkar and Karamadan Hampa Co.
Producer of pumps, valves and related systems for industry and water utilities as well as the energy sector (including nuclear) and mining. Maintains branch office in Tehran.
Engineering group specializing in energy, water and civil engineering projects. Has engaged in 6 projects in Iran.
|Landesbank Baden- Württemberg||Financial|
Specializes in cables, leads and cable accessories. Works in Iran through its partner, Iran Technical Supply Co.
Specializes in cabManufacturer of innovative thermostatic equipment and systems. Works in Iran through partner, FaraSar Chimie Co.les, leads and cable accessories. Works in Iran through its partner, Iran Technical Supply Co.
|Lenze||Industry||Specializes in Motion Centric Automation products. Works in Iran through the Tavan Ressan Co.|
|Leonhardt & Blumberg||Logistics||
Shipping giant with over 55 large container vessels. Owns the Hansa India, which it chartered to heavily sanctioned IRISL. In 2009 the Hansa India was boarded by U.S. troops, who found eight containers full of ammunition allegedly headed to Syria from Iran.
|Linde Hydraulics||Industry||Manufacturer of high-pressure, heavy duty hydraulic components. Works in Iran through its Iranian sales partner, Rahbord Hydraulic Sepand Co. Ltd., as well as Mehrizan Industrial Development.|
|Linde Material Handling||Industry||
Leading manufacturer of forklifts and warehouse trucks. Also offers explosion protected models. Partnered in Iran with Mehrizan Industrial Development.
Engineering firm involved in major Iranian infrastructure projects, especially in the petrochemical sector. Does business in Iran through the Fanavaran Petrochemical Complex, with which it struck a €115 million methanol-conversion deal in 2010.
Engineering company and tool manufacturer. Represented by Aran Afra Corp. in Iran.
Manufacturer of particle counters and particle measuring systems with applications in the oil and gas industry. Represented by distributor Proton Chemie Co. in Iran.
Manufacturer of tire cord and linear fabric. Works in Iran.
Chemical and pharmaceutical company. Active in Iran through Aryadana Kimia Co. and other distributors.
|Miebo Tech Export||Industry||
Supplier of machinery and spare parts for power generation and refinery industries. Tavan Gashta International is Miebo’s Iranian partner.
Manufacturer of household and commercial appliances. Partnered with Ayria Borna in Iran.
The international shipping agency and transport company is partnered with the Delta Bar company in Iran.
|MultiMetall Reiner Schulze||Industry||
Producer of advanced polymer metals. Partnered with Kasra Industrial Lining and Coating Consultant Co.
One of the world’s largest reinsurers. Stated in 2010 that it was ending its dealings with Iranian companies.
Manufacturer of diesel and gas engines. Partnered with Iran’s Gohar Homa Co.
Lighting manufacturer and wholly-owned subsidiary of Siemens. Works in Iran through partner, Noorlamp.
Engineering and construction firm that does business in Iran through its Iranian representatives ADICO, Aria Equip International Co., Arian BC, and Omid Electric Co. Participant in the 2012 Iran Oil Show.
Manufacturer of sewing and heat-sealing machines. Partnered in Iran with Tehran Dookht Machine Co. and Amin Ettesal Co.
Manufacturer of pumps, dosing systems, control and measurement systems. Lists an agency in Iran.
Building products company that does business in Iran through its distributor Sakht Abzar Pars Co. Sells truck-mounted concrete pumps to Abadrahan Pars Co., which is working with the National Iranian Oil Company on the South Pars Gas Field project.
Manufacturer of buffer stops for railway tracks and other railway equipment. Partnered with Airia Co. Ltd. In Iran.
|Ray Oil & Gasburner||Industry||
Producer of oil and gas burners. Represented in Iran by RAY-Shahrak Co.
Specialist in the global transportation of break-bulk, heavylift and project cargoes. Partnered with Tehran-based Iran Tarabar Co. Signed a $120 million contract in 2006 to build four multi-purpose ships for Iran Sadra.
Manufacturer of railway construction equipment and machinery. Partnered with Airia Co. Ltd.
|Rohde & Schwarz||Industry||
Manufacturer of electronics. Has a liaison office in Tehran.
Specializes in cargo trucks and used machines. Works in Iran through its representative, Lajvar
Manufacturer of steel rods and components for the automotive industry and its suppliers, the construction industry, power industry engineering, the aerospace industry, and general mechanical engineering. Active in Iran.
|Salzgitter Mannesmann International||Industry||
Manufacturer of industrial steel products, including piping used in the petrochemical industry. Also provides transport and insurance. Lists numerous traders and managers covering its business in Iran.
Manufacturer of rolling element bearings for automotive, aerospace and industrial uses. Active in Iran through Schaeffler KG Iran
Manufacturer of laser and solar equipment. Works in Iran through its partner, Mahar Fan Abzar Co
Manufacturer of electric household appliances. Works in Iran through distributor, Iran Severin Kish Co.
Siegert is a consulting firm that helps companies with materials such as silicon, silicon oxide, glass, and wafers. Siegert is active in Iran.
Specializes in laboratory centrifuges, fixed-angle rotors, swing-out rotors and accessories. Works in Iran through representatives Armin Shegarf Co. Ltd., Armita Teb Novin Co. Ltd., Rontgen Co.
Manufacturer of liquid pumps, vacuum pumps and engineered systems. Active in Iran.
Manufacturer of high quality cookware, kitchen accessories and pressure cookers in Germany. Works in Iran through its partner, Golden Dolphin Co.
|SPC - Seaport Controllers International||Logistics||
Shipment inspection and certification company that operates in Iran through its partner Balivan Co. SPC’s work is mandated by the Central Bank of Iran
Specializes in technology and instruments for scientific surface analysis. Active in Iran.
Stahlbau Schauenberg is the parent company of Ircast Schauenberg, an Iranian venture specializing in metallurgic and heat treatment furnaces for the oil industry, including “some of the largest, most technically complex and advanced ever constructed in Iran.” Ircast Schauenberg participated in the 2012 Iran Oil Show.
Develops, produces and installs chemically, mechanically and thermally resistant materials and lining systems for steel and concrete structures. Works in Iran through Aderan Dej. Co and Kasra Industrial Lining and Coating Consultant. Participated in the 2012 Iran Oil Show.
Specializes in solar thermal systems. Worked on a special off-grid system in Tehran, Iran.
Producer of cranes and lifting equipment. Involved in various commercial activities in Iran
German steel and machinery company. Announced in September 2010 that it would not seek new business and phase out existing business.
Produces basic chemicals, inorganic specialty chemicals and coating systems. Listed as vendor by the National Iran Gas Company.
Supplier of automation technology for serial production. Works in Iran through Iran Industries Support.
Specializes in certification services, technical inspection, building engineering, industrial services, and training in the field of safety solutions. Has a location in Iran, TÜV Nord Iran.
Manufactures products used for the treatment and repair of valves. Listed as a participant in the 2010 Iranian Gas & Oil Exhibition.
|Voelkel Industrial Products||Chemicals|
Specializes in power transmission, turbo coupling, retarding, joint shaft, hydraulic pumps, and gearboxes. Works in Iran through its regional office in Tehran.
Manufacturer of measurement projectors, measuring machines, sensors, accessories and software. Works in Iran through its representative, Iran Technical Supply.
Providers of IT solutions specializing in the banking and retail sectors. Does business in Iran through Informatics Services Corporation, which in turn provides services for a number of internationally sanctioned and regime-controlled financial institutions, including the Central Bank of Iran, Bank Melli, Bank Saderat, Bank Mellat, and Bank Sepah
Automotive industry supplier, specializing in engines and parts. Active in Iran.
Specializes in laboratory ice machines. Products are sold in Iran by Armin Shegarf Co. Ltd
UANI Corporate Campaigns
In response to UANI's campaign, German shipping company Rudolf Schepers ended its port calls to Iran. The Rudolf Schepers vessel TS Jakarta had been making calls at Bandar Abbas port, which is operated by the sanctioned entity Tidewater Middle East Co.
In response to UANI's Cranes Campaign, German crane company Gottwald and its parent company Demag Cranes ended their Iran business. Gottwald sold mobile harbor cranes and other cranes used in Iran's ports and terminals.
In response to UANI's campaign, German industrial manufacturer KROHNE ended its business in Iran. KROHNE conducted business in Iran's petrochemical and industrial sectors, and supplied tanker components to the regime for its new Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) construction.
In response to UANI's Rial Currency Printing Campaign, German printing press company Koenig & Bauer (KBA) ended its currency printing business in Iran, stating that it has "discontinued to supply banknote printing presses as well as related goods and services to clients located in Iran, including to SPMO [Iran's Security Printing and Minting Organization] and the Central Bank of Iran."
In response to UANI's Shipping Certification Campaign, German shipping service Germanischer Lloyd decided to comply with international sanctions and cease its certification of Iranian shipping vessels, specifically those of the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines ("IRISL") and the National Iranian Tanker Company ("NITC").
In response to UANI's campaign and following Huawei’s decision to pull back, Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN), a joint venture between Nokia of Finland and Siemens of Germany, announced it would not take on any new business in Iran and would gradually reduce its existing commitments. In the brutal crackdown that followed Iran’s disputed June 2009 presidential elections, NSN technology was used to suppress protesters by monitoring and blocking communications.
In response to UANI's Cranes Campaign, Swiss-German construction equipment manufacturer Liebherr pledged to end its business in Iran. Liebherr "informed former customers and business associates in Iran that the companies of the Liebherr Group will cease their business activities with them."
Following discussions with UANI, German construction firm Layher ended its business in Iran in response to a notice received from the California’s Department of General Services, which has been using UANI’s Iran Business Registry to vet state contractors.
In response to UANI's campaign, the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) Board voted against opening up a lucrative $300 million light rail contract to bidding by Siemens due to its extensive Iran ties. Siemens has subsequently announced it will not pursue new business in Iran.