Through its Maritime Intelligence Network and Rogue Vessel Analysis (MINERVA) system, UANI conducts real-time tracking and course prediction of every Iranian and Iran-related vessel, including clandestine vessels, anywhere in the world. UANI utilizes MINERVA to expose the regime's efforts to smuggle oil and cargo in circumvention of international sanctions. UANI’s MINERVA system was also featured in the New York Times.

Recent oil and shipping sanctions, in addition to the Iranian regime’s gross economic mismanagement, have severely hurt Iran’s economy. For example, the value of Iran’s currency, the rial, has plummeted. Iran has therefore resorted to numerous shipping and smuggling schemes including the use of fraudulent documentation, front companies, illegal flagging and bogus insurance and classification providers to uphold its last significant standing source of income – oil export revenues.