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ENI

ENI

Industry: 
Energy
Value of USG Contracts: 
118
Symbol: 
NYSE:E
Country: 
Italy
Contact Information: 

segreteriasocietaria.azionisti@eni.it (Eni Corporate Secretary)
carloni_investor@eni.it (Investor Relations Senior Vice President)
gianni.digiovanni@eni.com (External Communication Vice President)

Sources: 
Currently, Eni owns 43% of Italian energy giant, Saipem. (Saipem Website, "History")
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“Relations between the European Union and Iran remain fragile and business links tentative, even as Washington worries about Europe rushing into business and political ties with Tehran. European companies are concerned about harming their reputations in the U.S. even as they signal interest in future Iran business…Energy giants like Italy's ENI SpA, which was heavily involved in Iran before Europe joined the U.S.'s sweeping oil and financial sanctions, retain a very light presence. The company has just one foreign executive in Tehran, a diplomat said, down from several dozen in the early 2000s.” (Wall Street Journal, “European Companies Walk on Eggshells in Iran,” 3/13/14)
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“Multiple companies currently exploring new business ventures in Iran are also cashing in on highly lucrative contracts with the U.S. Defense Department, raising questions about whether their dealings with Iran could run afoul of U.S. law. At least 13 major international companies have said in recent weeks that they aim to reenter the Iranian marketplace over the next several months. The companies have received Pentagon contracts totaling well over $107 billion, according to a Washington Free Beacon analysis that tracked DoD contracts awarded since fiscal year 2009. Many of the companies, which include carmaker Renault and oil giants such as BP, have already sent high-level trade delegations to Tehran to meet with Iranian officials about striking new business deals…These companies include Boeing and General Electric—which have DoD contracts worth $87 and $12 billion respectively—as well as the Italian oil company Eni, Merck, Safran, Vitol, Bosch Rexroth, Sanofi Pastuer, and AVL.” (Washington Free Beacon, “Pentagon Contractors Exploring Business with Iran,” 2/25/14)
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"Iran will have a new, attractive investment model for oil contracts by September, its president and oil minister told some of the world's top oil executives here on Thursday, part of its drive to win back Western business. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh said their new administration was keen to open up to Western investments and technology, executives who attended the meeting said. They also stressed the importance of fossil fuel, with global energy demand rising. ‘The fact that the president of Iran came to the meeting today... is clearly a sign that Iran wants to open up to international oil companies,’ said Paolo Scaroni, chief executive of Italy's Eni, who was at the meeting. ’It was an impressive presentation,’ said one of three further oil executives who were at the meeting and spoke with Reuters on condition of anonymity. ’They said they are working on a new model to work with investors and are happy to see us,’ he added. ‘They not only need money but technologies. They are happy to have consultations about how new contracts shall work. They want to decide on the model by September.’ ’The message was - look at us, our geological risks are minimal, reserves are huge, come and we will create competitive terms and you will be happy. Your return on investments will be acceptable,’ another executive said. Along with ENI, France's Total, Britain's BP , LUKoil and GazpromNeft from Russia, and several other companies were present…Tehran has already said it wants Western oil companies to revive its giant ageing oilfields and develop new oil and gas fields once sanctions are lifted.’The best way for companies like us to go back to Iran is to follow strictly the sanctions and push both parties to reach an agreement which will lead to the lifting of sanctions one day,’ Scaroni said. ’I made it clear some time ago I'm not going back to Iran under old contract terms even if all sanctions are lifted.’ Scaroni was the first Western CEO to meet publicly with Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh, on the sidelines of a meeting of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries last month.” (Reuters, “Iran lures oil majors with new contracts pledge,” 1/23/14)
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“Addressing the World Economic Forum in Davos, the pragmatic president said Tehran was negotiating with the United States as part of a ‘constructive engagement’ with the world and wanted Washington to back up its words with actions…Some Western energy chiefs said they were impressed by Rouhani's commitment to attract foreign investment in the sector, which has seen production cut by a third and exports halved by the sanctions. ’The fact that the president of Iran came to the meeting today... is clearly a sign that Iran wants to open up to international oil companies,’ said Paolo Scaroni, chief executive of Italy's Eni, who was at the meeting. But he said Eni would stick strictly to the sanctions and return to Iran only when a permanent nuclear deal was concluded and contract terms were changed.” (Reuters, “Iran wants full nuclear deal and investment, Rouhani tells Davos,” 1/23/14)
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“Giuseppe Recchi, chairman of Italy’s biggest energy company Eni SpA (ENI), said he’d be interested in seeing Iran open up to investment following years of sanctions. Recchi and Amec Plc (AMEC) Chief Executive Officer Samir Brikho discussed Iran, holder of the world’s fourth-largest proven oil reserves, in a Bloomberg Television interview today in Davos, Switzerland.” (Bloomberg, “Eni’s Recchi Interested in Seeing Iran Open Up as Sanctions End,” 1/22/14)
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"As it tries to lure back oil companies, Iran also signaled it could offer production-sharing agreements in the Caspian Sea. Such deals are considered attractive to companies but haven't been awarded in Iran since the 1970s. Bijan Zanganeh, who was in Vienna for the meeting of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, said he had met with executives from Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell, the world's largest oil trader Vitol, Austria's and Italy's Eni SpA…Speaking as he exited the meeting, Eni Chief Executive Paolo Scaroni said, 'We plan to continue to be in Iran and possibly increase our activity as long as the sanction regime is lifted.' But he cautioned that Iran would need to amend its stringent investment terms—so called buybacks, whereby companies are paid in oil only after completing a project. 'We certainly don't consider [the current terms] a good way of attracting' international oil companies, Eni's head said." (Wall Street Journal, "European Energy Companies Meet With Iranian Oil Minister," 12/5/13)
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"The head of Italian oil company Eni SpA (E) had a 'fairly long and very warm' meeting with Iran's oil minister in Vienna Thursday to discuss a possible increase in the company's activities in the country if western sanctions are lifted. 'We plan to continue to be in Iran and possibly increase our activity, as long as the sanctions regime is lifted,' Eni Chief Executive Paolo Scaroni said. However, he added the country would have to modify the terms of its contracts to become more attractive to international oil companies." (Wall Street Journal, "Eni CEO Had "Long and Very Warm" Meeting With Iran Oil Minister," 12/5/13)
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"Speaking to reporters ahead of a meeting of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Iran's oil minister, Bijan Zanganeh, said, 'We have no limitations for U.S. companies.' Asked who he would like to see return or enter Iran, he named European giants Total SA, Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Eni SpA, Statoil ASA and BP PLC…'I am talking to some of them,' he said, without saying which."  (Wall Street Journal, "Iran Wants U.S. Companies to Develop Oil Fields," 12/4/13)
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"Eni SpA (E), Italy's biggest oil and natural gas company by volume, said Tuesday its activities in Iran may face U.S. sanctions against investments in the Islamic republic, and they could be material. Eni said, in its 2012 annual report, that it doesn't believe its activities in Iran are sanctionable under current U.S. rules but notes it has no formal assurances from the U.S. State Department. 'If sanctions were imposed, their impact could be material and adverse to Eni,' said the Rome-based company. Eni has operated in Iran for several years as part of four service contracts: South Pars, Darquain, Dorood and Balal. Eni said all the projects have been completed with the exception of Darquain, which is in the process of final commissioning and is being handed over to the national Iranian oil company... Eni's daily output in Iran averaged 3,000 barrels of oil equivalent in 2012, representing less than 1% of the company's total production. Eni said its refining and marketing division bought 498,000 metric tons of Iranian crude in 2012, paying the country's state oil company $396 million, less than the $742 million it paid for the 976,000 tons the year before. Eni hasn't any involvement in Iran's refined petroleum sector and doesn't export refined products to Iran, it added." (The Wall Street Journal, "Eni Says Its Iran Activities Could Lead to U.S. Sanctions," 4/9/2013) 
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"Rice and her husband also own between $15,000 and $50,000 of stock in ENI, the Italian international oil company. ENI has said that it is no longer doing business with Iran, but it has a waiver from sanctions to enable it to collect oil as payment for about $1 billion Iran owes the company from earlier business deals. The company had been purchasing crude oil and developing natural gas fields." (The Washington Post, "Rice holds stakes in firms that have done business in Iran," 11/29/2011)
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"Italian energy company Eni reported that it's been unable to get oil out of Iran for the second straight month, however, because of insurance and banking problems" (OilPrice.com, "Sanctions Force Iranian Retreat From Global Stage," 8/14/2012) 
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"Italy's Eni SpA will continue to take Iranian crude as part of a long-standing repayment deal for work it undertook on the energy sector there. 'We recover the cost through oil and we expect to continue to do so,' Eni's chief executive officer Paolo Scaroni told reporters at an OPEC-organised industry conference on Tuesday. He said Iran owed Eni about $1 billion. Eni's Iranian imports are exempted from European Union sanctions against Iran which will come in to full force on July 1." (Reuters, "Eni to continue taking Iran repayment crude," 6/13/12)
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"Italy's Eni, which has been receiving payments in oil from Iran for debts, is reworking the deal and is unlikely to import crude in July after European Union sanctions on Tehran take effect, market sources said on Thursday... 'Even though Eni is able to continue importing cargoes, because of the sanctions there are other details it needs to organise,' a person with knowledge of the deal said. He declined to be named due to the sensitivity of the matter.The market sources said it was not clear when Iran's crude deliveries to Eni would resume. 'I do not know when Eni will be able to import the next cargo.'... Eni's chief executive Paolo Scaroni had said in March that Iran still owed the company $1.0-1.4 billion worth of oil, and that it had a special exemption enabling it to continue receiving that crude despite the EU embargo." (Reuters, "Eni suspends Iran's debt payments in oil," 5/21/2012)   
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"Eni SpA (E), Italy's biggest oil and natural gas company, said it paid $888 million to the National Iranian Oil Company for crude last year and purchased a further $1.1 billion of Iranian oil from others in the same period. "Eni's refining and marketing division bought 1.6 million metric tons of oil from the Iranian state-owned company last year compared with 980,000 tons worth a total of $419 million in 2009, it said in a filing this week to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission."In addition, the Rome-based company said it bought from international traders and oil companies crude it believes was purchased from Iranian companies. Last year, this amounted to 2.09 million tons worth $1.1 billion compared with 278,000 tons worth $147 million in 2009, Eni said." (Dow Jones, "Eni Says Paid $888 Mln To Iran Oil Company For Crude In 2010," 4/8/11)
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On September 30th, ENI made a "pledge to stop investing in Iran's energy sector" as a result of pressure from American sanctions (AP, "US hits Iranian energy firm with sanctions," 9/30/2010). However, ENI continues to fulfill current Iranian contracts, and "traders say the group is still bringing Iranian crude for its refineries in Italy" (Reuters, "Oil majors tell US still have some Iran dealings," 9/30/2010).  
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"Eni SpA (E), Italy's biggest energy company by market value, is working on handing over the operatorship of the Iranian Darquain oil field to local partners, as it limits its presence in the hydrocarbon-rich Islamic republic. Development activities in Darquain were concluded in 2009, said Eni in its annual report to the U.S. Security and Exchange Commission released late Monday. The oil field was the only activity operated by Eni in Iran. Eni's 2009 daily production in Iran was 35,000 barrels of oil equivalent, or about 2% of its total output, the company said. "Eni does not believe that its activities in Iran have a material impact on the group's results." The company also said it incurred annual capital expenditure of more than $20 million in Iran in each of the last 10 years and the management may decide to invest more than $20 million a year in the future. Eni said it hasn't had sanctions imposed to date from the U.S. administration over its activities in Iran." (Down Jones Newswires, "Eni Working On Handing Over Iran Darquain Field Operatorship," 4/27/10)
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"ENI, an oil company partially owned by the Italian government, has openly admitted in filings that their activities in Iran potentially violated U.S. sanctions. In February, ENI's chief executive announced that the company would pull out of Iran after current contracts to develop two gas fields run out."  From 2000-2009, the company has been the recipient of 1.1 million acres of oil/gas fields from the US government.  Their business in Iran is currently active, but with no plans of new investments, and they have been listed as a possible violator of the Iran Sanctions Act. (The New York Times, "Profiting from Iran, and the US," 3/6/2010)
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"ENI SpA's chief executive said Thursday that the Italian energy company will pull out of Iran after current contracts to develop two gas fields there run out, as international pressure grows to isolate the country over its disputed nuclear program... He told reporters that the company won't prolong contracts it signed in 2001 to develop two Iranian gas fields. Iran has the world's second largest gas resources after Russia and has resisted global pressure - including U.S. sanctions - over its program to enrich uranium. Iran says its program is peaceful but the U.S. says it suspects Iran is trying to build nuclear weapons. 'We will continue to abstain in the future,' Scaroni told reporters. Italy has long enjoyed strong commercial ties with Iran. But President Silvio Berlusconi this week called for tighter sanctions against Iran and said Italian companies have cut business ties with Iran by a third since 2007. The Italian government owns about 30 percent of ENI." (Associated Press, "ENI to pull out of Iran," 2/4/10)
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"New York State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli also announced Tuesday the $110 billion fund would freeze an additional $300 million in seven other companies...The decision comes after two years of reviewing these companies, the potential risk of the investments and, in some cases, humanitarian efforts in these countries. 'We don't expect our investments to benefit regimes that support genocide and terrorism,' said DiNapoli...The fund also plans to monitor and prohibit further investment in ENI (E), Repsol YPF (REP), Royal Dutch Shell PLC (RDSA), Total SA (TOT), ABB Ltd. (ABB), Alstom (ALO.FR) and Snam Rete Gas (SNMRY). Additionally, it plans to focus on other industries including telecommunications. (Wall Street Journal, "NY Comptroller To Divest $86.2M In State Pension Fund Investments," 6/30/09 and The Office of New York State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli)
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"Eni has been present in Iran since 1957. In 2007 production net to Eni averaged 26 kboe/d. Eni's activities are concentrated in the offshore of the Persian Gulf and onshore for a total acreage of 1,456 square kilometers (820 net to Eni)." (Company website
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"Italy is Iran's largest trading partner in Europe, mainly because of investments by energy giant ENI. This month, Fiat Group Autos SpA said it would begin manufacturing its Siena four-door sedan in Iran later this year more than 3 1/2 years after signing an agreement with the Iranian car manufacturing company PIDF." (Associated Press, 7/28/08) 
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"William Burns, U.S. Under Secretary of State for political affairs, pointed out that several big energy companies, including Total, Shell, ENI and Repsol, have scaled back their business in Iran over the past few years." (Reuters, "US to review if Statoil violates Iran sanctions law," 7/09/08) 
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Listed by U.S. Government as doing business in Iran. (U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, List of Companies Doing Business With State Sponsors Of Terror, Removed from the Internet in July 2007) 
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"GIANTS WITH A FOOT IN TEHRAN: Total, Shell, Statoil, BNP Paribas, Commerzbank, MTN, UPS, Linde, Technip, Nokia, Ericsson, Peugeot, Renault, OMV, Societe Generale, ENI, Mitsubishi, Sumitomo, Siemens, LG, Samsung, Bosch, Valeo, Nestle, Unilever, BAT, Japan Tobacco." (The London Times, "American pressure threatens UK firms," 5/27/06)
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"Eni, Italy's biggest oil and gas group, is still owed over $1 billion worth of oil by Iran and has a special exemption enabling it to continue receiving that crude despite an EU embargo on Iranian oil, its chief executive said.  "The amount is in a range of $1.0-1.4 billion," CEO Paolo Scaroni said in a meeting with foreign reporters on Friday.  Iran for years has been using oil to pay back Eni for decade-old deals. Three years ago Eni was owed around $3 billion in oil...Scaroni said Eni was exempt from the embargo since it was the subject of a "special rule" granted by both the United States and EU covering oil it receives from Iran as payment for investments already carried out.  Under the agreement, Eni withdraws about 10,000 barrels per day from Iran, he said." (Reuters. "Eni still owed over $1 bln by Iran," 3/23/12)

 

Response: 

Eni has stated it will cease new investments in Iran. "ENI SpA's chief executive said today that the Italian energy company will pull out of Iran after current contracts to develop two gas fields there run out, as international pressure grows to isolate the country over its disputed nuclear program" ("Italian Energy Company ENI to Pull Out of Iran," Associated Press, February 4, 2010).