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United Against Nuclear Iran Petition

The undersigned hereby recognize and acknowledge the historic consequence of a potential rapprochement with Iran and the terms of a final nuclear agreement. Therefore, it is vitally important that the U.S. once again speaks with a united voice. Accordingly, the undersigned believe the following five principles must guide the U.S. position in nuclear negotiations with Iran:

  1. The objective of a nuclear agreement is to prevent Iran from producing nuclear weapons by limiting Iran's ability to produce fissile material under strong international inspections. A comprehensive agreement should require Iran to comply with UN Security Council Resolutions 1696 and 1737, requiring Iran to suspend enrichment and reprocessing-related activities until "confidence is restored in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear program..." The period of confidence-building is one that we believe must last several years. Iran must also fully cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to resolve questions about its nuclear activities.

  2. The sanctions framework has been carefully assembled over many years, and no part of the core architecture of the sanctions should be rolled back until Iran agrees to a comprehensive nuclear agreement with measurable milestones.

  3. A comprehensive nuclear agreement is by far the preferred outcome. Now that the U.S. and P5+1 have agreed to a six-month interim deal with Iran, it is vital that the U.S. not engage in a series of rolling interim agreements that steadily erode U.S. negotiating leverage. Iran must comprehensively resolve the nuclear issue following the interim agreement, and not be allowed to play for additional time and undermine the international sanctions regime. In the absence of such a comprehensive agreement, the U.S. and its allies should move to impose new sanctions, and Iran should face ever increasing and new sanctions as diplomacy continues.

  4. If Iran complies with its international obligations and restores confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear program, including the suspension of its enrichment and reprocessing-related activities for a substantial period (i.e. several years), the U.S. and its allies can consider the scale and scope of its nuclear program, including whether Iran is allowed to resume limited enrichment for peaceful purposes.

  5. In any final deal, Iran will have to dismantle most of its nuclear enrichment infrastructure. If Iran is able to retain its industrial-scale infrastructure, it will be able to breakout at a point and time of its choosing. In a final deal, Iran must be at least 18 months away from nuclear breakout.