Europeans Submit Draft Resolution On Iran To IAEA Board

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Europeans Submit Draft Resolution On Iran To IAEA Board | Reuters 

Britain, France and Germany have submitted a wide-ranging draft resolution against Iran to the U.N. nuclear watchdog's 35-nation Board of Governors for it to be voted on later this week, the text seen by Reuters showed on Monday. The text follows a resolution passed 18 months ago ordering Tehran to urgently comply with an International Atomic Energy Agency investigation into uranium traces found at undeclared sites in Iran. It calls on Iran to cooperate without delay, including by letting the IAEA take samples. It also goes further, addressing problems that have arisen more recently, such as Iran's barring of many of the IAEA's top uranium-enrichment experts on the inspection team. It calls on Iran to reverse that step and implement a March 2023 joint statement that the IAEA saw as a sweeping pledge of cooperation. "(The Board) Calls on Iran to provide sufficient cooperation with the Agency and take the essential and urgent actions as decided by the Board in its November 2022 resolution, to resolve safeguards issues which remain outstanding despite numerous interactions with the Agency since 2019," the text said.  

China Maintains Stance On Disputed Gulf Islands Despite Iran's Anger | Reuters 

China held its stance on three disputed islands in the Gulf on Monday despite Tehran's anger at Beijing for describing the Iran-controlled islands as a matter to be resolved with the United Arab Emirates. In a statement last week, China expressed support for the efforts of the UAE to reach a "peaceful solution" to the issue of the islands - the Greater Tunb, the Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa. The islands, claimed by the UAE and Iran, have been held by Tehran since 1971 after the withdrawal of British forces from the Gulf. In a rare show of anger toward its biggest trading partner, the Iranian foreign ministry on Sunday summoned the Chinese ambassador to Iran to protest China's "repeated support" for the UAE's "baseless claims". "Considering the strategic cooperation between Tehran and Beijing, it is expected that the Chinese government will revise its stance on this matter," the Iranian foreign ministry said, opens new tab.  

Iran's Top Diplomat Confirms Talks With US | AFP

Asked about the issue at a news conference during a visit to Beirut, Bagheri said "we have always continued out negotiations... and they have never stopped." Washington and Tehran have not had diplomatic relations since the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. The British daily Financial Times reported in March that Bagheri was involved in indirect talks with the United States in Oman in early 2024, against the backdrop of heightened regional tensions over the Israel-Hamas war in the Gaza Strip. The United States is Israel's close ally and top provider of military assistance, while Iran backs the Palestinian militant group Hamas. Bagheri arrived Monday in Lebanon, on his first foreign trip since assuming the interim role following the death of Hossein Amir-Abdollahian in a helicopter crash last month that also killed Iran's president, Ebrahim Raisi.  

UANI IN THE NEWS 

A Spoofer’s Guide To Sanctioned Gas Trades | Lloyd's List 

The commercialisation of Automatic Identification System data in recent years and the increased access to vessel location data means sanctions skirters have to work harder to hide their activity on any given day, Automatic Identification System tracker signals from the port of Assaluyeh, Iran, would indicate that the massive petrochemical and products exports hub is eerily quiet, bereft of cargo-carrying vessels. […] “The number of LPG carriers in Iranian trades grew substantially since we began tracking Iran’s oil exports in 2020,” said Claire Jungman, chief of staff at New York-based lobbying group United Against Nuclear Iran. “It’s common to see VLGCs spoofing their AIS in the Middle East Gulf to conceal loadings in Assaluyeh, Siraf, or Bandar Imam Khomeini.”  

European Powers Submit Iran Censure Motion To IAEA Board | Iran International 

…Jason Brodsky, the policy director of United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI), believes the Europeans are frustrated with the US policy on Iran. "I think they sense that US policy is adrift. That we have no strategy as it relates to the Islamic Republic, particularly with respect to its nuclear program, and that the status quo of inaction amid a series of Iranian escalatory behaviors," Brodsky told Iran International. The development comes amid heightened tensions over Iran's nuclear capabilities. A recent confidential International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) report, reviewed by Iran International and other media outlets, warned Iran is continuing to enrich uranium to near weapons-grade levels. According to the report, Iran’s estimated stockpile of enriched uranium had reached more than 30 times the limit set out in the 2015 nuclear agreement between Tehran and the world powers. 

Shia Afghans Are Being Brought To Iran To Make Up For The Lack Of Religious Iranians | UANI Senior Advisor Saeid Golkar And Director Of IRGC Research Kasra Aarabi For The Atlantic Council 

According to state-backed media in Iran, more than one hundred thousand Shia Afghan migrants in the Iranian city of Mashhad participated in state-backed mourning processions to commemorate the death of hardline Islamist President Ebrahim Raisi in late-May. But this is far from a one-off. In March, the presence of at least twenty thousand Afghan migrants at a state-run event in Tehran to commemorate the birth of the third Shia saint, Imam Hassan—and support the Resistance Axis—caused a significant stir among Iranians. Some Iranians have also ridiculed the Islamic Republic’s reliance on Afghan migrants to pack Tehran’s eighty-thousand-seat Azadi stadium at a state-run ideological parade, mocking the move as further evidence of the regime’s shrinking support base. 

NUCLEAR DEAL & NUCLEAR PROGRAM 

UN Offers Nuclear Inspection Deal To Iran's New Leadership | The National 

The UN's atomic watchdog says it is willing to make a deal on inspections with Iran's new leadership that could renew nuclear diplomacy with Tehran. Rafael Grossi, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, has spoken to Iran's acting chief diplomat since a helicopter crash killed president Ebrahim Raisi and foreign minister Hossein Amirabdollahian on May 19. Mr Grossi told the IAEA's ruling board on Monday that Iran had agreed to resume talks postponed by a mourning period. Under an agreement, the IAEA could be given wider access to nuclear centres in Iran, which is increasing its stockpile of enriched uranium. Britain, France and Germany have submitted a wide-ranging draft resolution against Iran to the UN nuclear watchdog's 35-nation board of governors to be voted on this week, Reuters reported later on Monday.  

Iran’s Remarks On Nuclear Arms Seen Flaming Middle East Cauldron | Bloomberg 

The United Nations atomic watchdog warned Iran against inflammatory rhetoric after some politicians in the country said engineers could quickly militarize its nuclear program if instructed to do so. Recent statements by current and former Iranian officials that its official nuclear doctrine, which prohibits the development of a bomb, could be revised are in focus at the International Atomic Energy Agency meeting this week in Vienna. Any decision to withdraw from the international agreement regarding Iran’s nuclear capabilities and build a weapon could spark a regional arms race and dramatically increase tensions between the Islamic Republic and the West. “Many countries have said if Iran gets nuclear weapons, they will do the same,” IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi said. “Adding nuclear weapons to the cauldron of the Middle East is a very bad idea.”  

GOP Lawmakers Turn Up Pressure On Biden Over Iran Nuclear Program: 'Enough Is Enough' | Fox News 

Republican lawmakers Sen. Tim Scott and Rep. Mike Lawler are pressing the Biden administration to censure Iran at the next International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) meeting due to its heightened nuclear activities and guarantee that steps are taken to thwart Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons. On Monday afternoon, the pair will introduce a resolution that would also "refer the issue to the U.N. Security Council, and reaffirm that all measures will be taken to prevent the regime in Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons."  "In the 18 months since the IAEA last held Iran accountable, the regime’s destabilizing behavior has skyrocketed. Its terrorist proxies have attacked our troops, brought global commerce to a halt, and ignited the brutal conflict in Gaza," Scott said. "Last month, Iran stepped out from the shadows to attack Israel directly, and all the while, the regime has steadily increased its nuclear buildup."  

Iran Threatens To React In Nuclear Dispute | Newsweek 

Iran announced that it will react if the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) passes a resolution against the country, according to a report from Iran's Fars news agency. The response, from Iran's nuclear chief Mohammed Eslami, follows a draft resolution submitted by European nations pressuring Iran to explain the presence of uranium particles at undeclared sites. "In case of issuing a resolution against Iran in the board of governors and political pressure from the parties, Iran will respond according to the announcement it made to them," Eslami is quoted as saying by Fars.  

SANCTIONS, BUSINESS RISKS, & OTHER ECONOMIC NEWS 

U.S., EU Impose Sanctions On Iranian Entities, Individual Linked To Drone Sector | Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty 

The United States and the EU have imposed sanctions on four Iranian entities and one individual connected to the development, manufacture, and proliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which Tehran has provided to Russia for use in its war against Ukraine, the U.S. State Department said on June 3. "The Iranian regime provides to Russia and militant proxies and partners [UAVs] to prolong conflict and destabilize the region," the statement said. The action targets four entities associated with U.S.-designated Rayan Roshd Afzar Company; an Iranian executive of Iran Aviation Industries Organization; a subsidiary of the U.S.-designated Iranian Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics, which oversees UAV manufacturers, including Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company; and Qods Aviation Industries.  

PROTESTS & HUMAN RIGHTS 

Health Fears For Woman Jailed In Iran After Meeting Widow Of The Last Shah | The National 

The husband of a British-Iranian woman detained in Iran for meeting Farah Pahlavi, the widow of the last shah, fears for his wife's health. Nasrin Rooshan has been jailed for three years after meeting Ms Pahlavi, 85, and taking part in the Woman, Life, Freedom protests against the Iranian government in London. London resident Ms Rooshan, 60, was arrested at an airport in Iran in November after a visit to a terminally ill aunt, her husband Arash Asiabi told The National. She has developed a heart condition while in prison, and Mr Asiabi fears she will not get the medical treatment she needs. “Recently, they notified us that one of her valves is failing,” he said. “It’s hard enough to get to a GP in Iran – in prison it’s even worse.” Ms Rooshan also suffers from knee pain and was scheduled for an operation in the UK.  

IRGC Forces Arrest Woman In Armed Raid | Iran Wire 

Intelligence forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) have violently arrested Afsaneh Shahi, a 32-year-old woman in Bukan. The arrest, which took place on May 30, was reported by the Hengaw Organization for Human Rights. According to Hengaw, Afsaneh Shahi was apprehended during an armed raid at her private residence. Eyewitnesses confirmed that IRGC forces entered Shahi's home without presenting a legal warrant. The armed officers reportedly pointed weapons at her family and their guests, creating an atmosphere of terror and intimidation. Following the arrest, Shahi was transferred to an undisclosed location. 

Artists And Activists Face Dire Health Issues Following Imprisonment In Iran | Iran International 

Maryam Kianersi, the lawyer representing Sasan Chamanara, a protest artist arrested during the Woman, Life, Freedom protests, has revealed that her client is battling an autoimmune condition known as Psoriasis. Chamanara endured severe torture, including electric shocks and mock executions, during his temporary detention in the IRGC Intelligence facilities. Kianersi's disclosure about Chamanara, a traditional music artist and Kurdish native of Ilam, has reignited public concern over the health repercussions faced by government critics and protesters upon release from incarceration. This isn't the first instance of an artist or activist developing autoimmune ailments post-detainment. Earlier, Kianersi had highlighted another client, Mustafa Al-Ahmad, a film director, who suffered from an autoimmune disorder.  

U.S.-IRAN RELATIONS & NEGOTIATIONS 

US Targets Iran Drone Procurement Network, Accuses It Of Aiding Russia | Asharq Al-Awsat 

The United States on Wednesday imposed sanctions on a network it said was helping procure sensitive parts for Iran's drone program, and accused Tehran of supplying Russia with drones to support Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. The network has facilitated shipments and financial transactions in support of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps' (IRGC) procurement of a critical component used in Iran's Shahed-136 drones, the Treasury Department said in a statement. The move is the latest in a series of recent sanctions on Iran. Wednesday's action targets entities and individuals in Iran, China, Türkiye and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the department said. "Iranian-made UAVs continue to be a key tool for Russia in its attacks in Ukraine, including those that terrorize Ukrainian citizens and attack its critical infrastructure," Treasury official Brian Nelson said in a statement.  

MILITARY/INTELLIGENCE MATTERS & PROXY WARS 

Palestinian Presidency Hits Back At Remarks By Iran's Khamenei On Oct. 7 Attack | Reuters 

The Palestinian people do not need wars that do not serve their ambitions for freedom and independence, the Palestinian presidency said on Monday in response to remarks by Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Khamenei said the Hamas-led Oct 7. attack on Israel had happened exactly at the moment the region needed it and that there had been a plan "by the U.S., Zionist individuals, their followers and some of the region's countries to change the equation in the region." The Palestinian Presidency responded by saying such remarks were clearly aimed at sacrificing Palestinian blood and would not lead to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.  

IRANIAN INTERNAL DEVELOPMENTS 

Iran’s Hard-Line Parliament Speaker Emerges As The Theocracy’s Top Figure In The Presidential Vote | Associated Press 

Iran’s hard-line parliament speaker emerged on Monday as the most-prominent candidate from within the country’s Shiite theocracy in the race for the June 28 presidential election to replace the late Ebrahim Raisi, killed in a helicopter crash last month. The entry of Mohammad Bagher Qalibaf, a former Tehran mayor with close ties to the country’s paramilitary Revolutionary Guard, catapulted him to the front of the bevy of candidates, just a day after hard-line former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad also registered his bid for the presidency. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei gave a speech earlier Monday, alluding to qualities that Qalibaf himself has highlighted and potentially signaling his support for the speaker. However, many know Qalibaf who as a former Revolutionary Guard general was part of a violent crackdown on Iranian university students in 1999.  

Questions Begin As Registration Of Candidates Ends In Iran | Iran International 

Registration for Iran's June 28 snap elections ended on Monday with 80 candidates. Many are questioning the high number and speculating on who will ultimately be approved by the Guardian Council to participate in the race. Over half of the registrations took place on the last day and even final hours. Authorities say 80 candidates registered in the past five days. An interior ministry official said Monday after the closure of registration that the Guardian Council will announce the names of qualified candidates on June 11. The number of qualified candidates can range from around four to over ten, based on past instances. Approved candidates will have two weeks to campaign before the election day. There will be a run-off election on July 5 if none of the candidates gains than 50% of the ballots cast.  

Who Will Be Competing In Iran's Snap Presidential Vote? | AFP 

Eighty Iranians have registered their candidacy for the country's June 28 presidential elections, brought forward by the death of Ebrahim Raisi, but many may still be disqualified before campaigning begins. At the end of the five-day registration period on Monday, Interior Minister Ahmad Vahidi said 80 presidential hopefuls have submitted their candidacy. They include more conservative and even ultraconservative figures than moderates or reformists, as well as a number of middle-ranking clerics and four women. The best-known candidate is Mahmoud Ahmadinejad who wishes, at 67, to return to the post of president which he held for two consecutive terms from 2005 to 2013. The populist politician is associated with incendiary remarks about Israel and simmering tensions with the West, particularly over the Iranian nuclear programme.  

RUSSIA, SYRIA, ISRAEL, HEZBOLLAH, LEBANON & IRAN 

Iran's Allies In Iraq Are Firing At Israel. What If They Draw Blood? | Reuters 

Iran-backed Shiite armed groups in Iraq have ramped up rocket and missile attacks on Israel in recent weeks, raising concerns in Washington and among some Iranian allies of potential Israeli retaliation and regional escalation should they draw blood. Though Western officials and Israeli experts do not see the attacks, often from hundreds of miles (kilometers) away, as posing the same level of threat to Israel as point-blank strikes by Hamas and Hezbollah, they have increased in number and sophistication. At least two have hit their targets, and many have had to be shot down by U.S. and Israeli defenses, according to U.S officials and public  statements from the Israeli military.