Professor Ajami is the recipient of the MacArthur Prize Fellowship, which he was awarded in 1982. In 2006 he received the Bradley prize for Outstanding Achievement and the National Medal of the Humanities which was awarded by the president of the United States.
He has been, since 1989, a contributing editor for U.S. News & World Report. He is a member of the editorial board of the magazine, Foreign Affairs. He has been since 2002 a member of the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations.