Petroleos de Venezuela
"Some firms on the list already are the targets of federal sanctions. They include the state-run Petroleos de Venezuela, the Belorussian firm Belarusneft, China's Zhuhai Zhenrong Co., Singapore's FAL Oil Co. and Kuo Oil, and Switzerland-based Naftiran. Others, including Angola's Sonangol, reportedly have pulled out of Iran in response to international sanctions." (The Baltimore Sun, "22 companies are listed for alleged Iran ties, sanctions," 9/17/2012)
"National Iranian Oil Co. and Petroleos de Venezuela SA plan to sign a $2 billion contract to develop the Dobokubi oil field in the Latin American nation, Tehran Times reported without citing anyone." (Bloomberg, "Iran to Sign $2 Billion Venezuela Oil Deal, Tehran Times Says," 5/30/2012)
"Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has decided to impose sanctions on seven companies under the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) of 1996, as amended by the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act (CISADA) of 2010, for their activities in support of Iran's energy sector. These companies are PCCI (Jersey/Iran), Royal Oyster Group (UAE), Speedy Ship (UAE/Iran), Tanker Pacific (Singapore), Ofer Brothers Group (Israel), Associated Shipbroking (Monaco), and Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) (Venezuela)."
"Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA): PDVSA, the state-owned oil company of Venezuela, has delivered at least two cargoes of reformate to Iran between December 2010 and March 2011, worth approximately $50 million. Reformate is a blending component that improves the quality of gasoline. The sanctions we have imposed on PDVSA prohibit the company from competing for U.S. government procurement contracts, from securing financing from the Export-Import Bank of the United States, and from obtaining U.S. export licenses. These sanctions do not apply to PDVSA subsidiaries and do not prohibit the export of crude oil to the United States." (U.S. Department of State. "Seven Companies Sanctioned Under the Amended Iran Sanctions Act," 5/24/11)
"The U.S. State Department is investigation information that Venezuela violated U.S. sanctions by sending gasoline to Iran. Arturo Valenzuela, the assistant secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs, told a congressional panel 'we are looking at that issue' and 'trying to determine if in fact there is a violation.' There have been recent reports that Venezuela's state oil company PDVSA sent two shipments of gasoline to Iran last month. The U.S. Congress passed sanctions last year that threaten to penalize foreign companies that do business with Iran." (Radio Farda, "U.S. Investigating if Venezuela Sent Gasoline to Iran," 2/16/11)
Firm/country: Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA)/Venezuela;
Firm activity: Development of natural gas field in South Pars phase 12;
Status: Project initiated in 2009;
Commercial activity: 10% stake in project, valued at $760 million;
Firm comment: Contacted on February 18, 2010; no response as of March 22, 2010.
"Venezuelan energy giant Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) joined with Iran's Petropars to establish a joint venture, VENIROGC, which will undertake joint projects in third countries. The Syrian refinery will be the company’s first cooperative project." (OilPrice.com, 6/6/2010)
"Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA) is to sell 20,000 barrels of fuel per day to Iran and, together with the Iranian state energy company, will develop Iran's largest gas field, called “South Pars 12,” said the Venezuelan Head of State, Hugo Chávez. The Venezuelan ruler said that such energy agreements "are to generate great resources for the country. The sale of oil byproducts to Iran is to strengthen trade with that nation," noted President Chávez. (Company Press Release, 2009)
"Venezuela and Iran agreed to speed up joint works in Block Ayacucho 7, with an estimated investment of USD 4 billion, to certify and expand Venezuelan proven reserves. The move came under the instruments the Venezuelan and Iranian state oil firms Petropars and Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), respectively, have entered into, in the framework of the Orinoco Magna Reserva project.The bilateral agreements are part of 22 energy conventions Venezuela has initialed with Iran to date. These accords envisage the organization of an international bilateral state company, resulting from synergies between Petropars and Pdvsa. Under this company, Petropars and Pdvsa are to undertake common projects, as well as the construction of four Aframax ships for PDV Marina in Iran." (Company Press Release, 2007)